The european plum prunus domestica probably originated in eastern europe or western asia around the caucasus and the caspian sea. Prunus insititia is a deciduous tree growing to 6 m 19ft by 5 m 16ft at a medium rate. Prunus definition and meaning collins english dictionary. While adesoto 101 prunus insititia shows interesting features as a rootstock, it has a poor rooting ability from cuttings, making micropropagation the method of choice. Damson definition and meaning collins english dictionary. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark. Prunus insititia damson bullace mirabelle wintercrack. Frontiers variance, genetic control, and spatial phenotypic. Genus prunus can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs with showy flowers in spring, and often good autumn foliage colour. This subspecies is believed to have had a wider native distribution than subsp.
It has a number of economically important members, including the cultivated almond, peach, plum, cherry, and apricot. Classification for kingdom plantae down to genus prunus l. Small, white flowers appear in early spring, followed by rounded. Prunus, genus of more than 400 species of flowering shrubs and trees in the rose family rosaceae. Other hosts listed by mix 1949 are cherry plum prunus cerasifera var. Prunus laurocerasus prunus laurocerasus, cherry laurel, laurel cherry. Prunus insititia merryweather damson care plant varieties. According to both authors the geographic distribution of the. Prunus insititia damson bullace mirabelle wintercrack damson. Shrubs with larger organs occur often and are considered either as large fruited forms of p.
Download table name, code and origin location of autochthonous plum. Prunus insititia definition of prunus insititia by the free. Prunus domestica insititia, damson plum, damson plum tree plum tree long cultivated for its edible fruit type of. Adventitious regeneration from mature seedderived tissues. Prunus japonica prunus japonica, flowering almond, oriental bush cherry. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark details prune damson is a vigorous, but neat growing, cultivar that has larger fruits than farleigh damson. As climate change may augment hybridization processes in the future, a hybrid origin is. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word prunus glandulosa. Although it is a parent of many of the sweet cherry cultivars sold in commerce today for fruit production such as the popular bing cherry, its fruits are smaller and not as sweet or tasty as the cultivars. Explants axillary buds, taken from plants previously micropropagated, were compared to those from conventionally propagated plants. A very branching shrub that can acquire the form of a tree of up to 6 m tall. The university of minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Information about prunus glandulosa in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms.
Subgenus prunus, are distinguished from other species within the prunus genus by the tree shoots having a terminal bud, and solitary not clustered side buds. Cottageinformal, flavouring food and drinks, low maintenance, specimen tree. Nzor concept id d02619f4b1d3407aa12e25dca2a6dbd1 classification superkingdom eukaryota kingdom plantae phylum tracheophyta subphylum spermatophytina class magnoliopsida order rosales family rosaceae genus prunus species prunus insititia l. Prunus insititia merryweather damson merryweather will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 510 years. It may have some thorny branches, but it is normally inerm without spines.
Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where most, if not all members of the genus produce hydrogen cyanide, a poison that gives almonds their characteristic flavour. The flowers are arranged in groups of 1 to 5 on short stems. Prunus insititia prune damson c damson prune damson. Click on names to expand them, and on p for plants profiles. Instore only order by phone subscribe to back in stock notification email address. Prunus spinosa is a highly esteemed shrub in forest and landscape plantings. M 2,4d during the 3 initial days of culture significantly stimulated direct organogenesis. Boivin tsn 539281, published in 1966, is an isonym of prunus domestica l. The fruit exhibits a groove running down one side of the flesh, and contains a smooth stone pit, unlike. Prunus japonica definition of prunus japonica by the free.
It is native to europe and asia and has been cultivated in the u. Rank subspecies year 1906 basionym prunus insititia l. Regeneration procedures from prunus cerasifera and p. Prunus avium is generally grown as an ornamental cherry tree. Prunus insititia damson will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 510 years suggested uses. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Prunus japonica woody oriental plant with smooth unfurrowed red fruit grown especially for its white or. Prunus insititia synonyms, prunus insititia pronunciation, prunus insititia translation, english dictionary definition of prunus insititia. Damson, bullace, mirabelle, wintercrack, damson plum, prunus domestica subsp. A deciduous tree, it includes many varieties of the fruit trees known as plums in english, though not all plums belong to this species. They have a finely serrated margin and are 36 cm long by 14 cm wide. Prunus insititia seed oil skin deep cosmetics database ewg. In vitro culture establishment and multiplication of the. They are hairy along the veins and leaf stalk, which is approximately 1.
Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word prunus insititia. Jan 03, 2020 regeneration procedures from prunus cerasifera and p. Combrink, in encyclopedia of food sciences and nutrition second edition, 2003. It is in flower in april, and the seeds ripen in october. Botany, species, hybridization, intermediates, prul1us, sloe, damson, cherry plum, origin of domestic plums. An illustrated flora of the northern united states, canada and the british possessions. Prunus insititia definition of prunus insititia by the. Rosaceae of north america update, database version 2011 acquired. Plants profile for prunus domestica insititia european plum. Prul1us insititia cherry plums university of groningen press. Genetic characterization of worldwide prunus domestica plum. A cooking damson that has blueblack oval fruits that are harvested in. Cultivated as a fruit tree, and as a rootstock for other prunus spp.
The damson or damson plum also archaically called the damascene, is an edible drupaceous fruit, a subspecies of the plum tree. A sprouting standard sending up shoots from the base 12. Prunus japonica definition of prunus japonica by the. As climate change may augment hybridization processes in the future, a hybrid.
It has been known in europe for more than 2000 years. Prunus insititia seed oil is a fixed oil expressed from the seeds of prunus insititia functions. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark details p. The flower opening of damson plum prunus insititia l. The record derives from rjp data supplied on 20111018 which reports it as a synonym record 1058 with original publication details. Taxon concept nzor concept id d02619f4b1d3407aa12e25dca2a6dbd1 according to nzflora 2012 new zealand plant. Prunus japonica synonyms, prunus japonica pronunciation, prunus japonica translation, english dictionary definition of prunus japonica. Varieties of insititia are found across europe, but the name damson is derived. Updated for itis by the flora of north america expertise network, in connection with an update for usda plants 20072010 reference for. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Prunus insititia small wild or halfdomesticated eurasian plum bearing small ovoid fruit in clusters bullace plum, plum tree any of several. Grown in moist, neutral ph, freedraining, moderately fertile soil in full sun. About the classification report about the classification download.
Waldviertler hochlandkriecherl for the protection of the designation of origin at. The species is hermaphrodite has both male and female organs and is pollinated by bees, insects. The leaves are deciduous, simple, alternate, and more or less elliptical or eggshaped. Adventitious regeneration from mature seedderived tissues of. This toxin is found mainly in the leaves and seed and is readily detected by its bitter taste.1061 124 565 811 232 297 258 1160 108 301 1031 605 719 578 277 759 1098 633 1571 1583 175 697 1503 379 145 483 123 1121 607 954 1409 1354 1087 1445